The subject area »Design for Manufacturing« is not about imparting product design. The connection to practice is the connection to the human factor. In the light of high complexity, problems, challenges, and implementations of ideas cannot be managed in short-term linear processes. The long-term view and holistic concepts are what is needed.
Networked systems cannot be defined simply through their x-y-z coordinates, rather they operate and function spherically: similar to spots on a sphere, they all lie on the same surface, while some may be diametrically opposed to each other. The categorical separation of »either-or« is the opposite to a »both one and the other«.